Chhath Puja 2023 Date, Time & Muhurat, Significance, Rituals

The dates of the 2023 Chhath Puja are from November 17 to 20. The celebration lasts for four days, each with its own special rites and meaning.

Chhath Puja 2023 Date

Lord Surya is the focus of Chhath Puja. Over the course of Chhath Puja’s four days, Lord Surya is worshiped. The Chhath Puja fast is mostly practiced by women for the happiness of the family and the welfare of their sons

The Kartik Chhath Puja holiday is scheduled to take place in November 2023, specifically on November 17 to 20. According to the Hindu calendar, Chhath Puja is observed twice a year: once in the month of Chaitra and once in the month of Kartik

Puja Date Day
Nahay Khay 17th November 2023 Friday
Lohanda and Kharna 18th November 2023 Saturday
Sandhya Arghya 19th November 2023 Sunday
Usha Arghya 20th November 2023 Monday

The Hindu festival of Chhath Puja, also called Surya Shashti, is mostly observed in the Terai region of Nepal and the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh. People from all ethnicities and castes gather to celebrate this holiday of harmony and unity.

Chhath Puja 2023 Time and Muhurat

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The shashthi tithi serves as the basis for the Chhath Puja 2023 muhurat. The sixth day of the Kartik month is designated for Chhath Puja in accordance with the Hindu calendar. The following is the four-day muhurat for dawn and sunset:

Day 1- Chaturthi (Nahay Khay)

  • Date: November 17, 2023
  • Sunrise: 06:45 AM
  • Sunset: 05:27 PM

Day 2- Panchami (Lohanda and Kharna)

  • Date: November 18, 2023
  • Sunrise 06:46 AM
  • Sunset 05:26 PM

Day 3- Shashthi (Chhath Puja, Sandhya Arghya)

  • Date: November 19, 2023
  • Sunrise – 06:46 AM
  • Sunset – 05:26 PM

Day 4- Ashtami (Usha Arghya, Parana Day)

  • Date: October 20 November 2023
  • Sun rise: 6:32 am
  • Sun set: 5:37 pm

Four days are dedicated to Sun God worship.The first day of Chhath is Nahay Khay. Taking a holy dip in a body of water, especially the Ganga River, is the focus of this day.

Chhath Puja 2023 Date

History of Chhath Puja

It is thought that on Kartik Shukla Shashti, following their return from banishment, Rama and Sita performed their first Chhath Puja, signifying that the veneration of the Sun predates the Hindu faith

An additional tale associated with the Chhath Puja celebration tells of King Priyabrat and his spouse, Malini

They never had children, and even though Malini tried her hardest to get pregnant, she gave birth to a dead infant. As the King started to lose hope, he decided to take his own life. 

Manas Kanya materialized out of nowhere and declared, “I am an incarnation of the sixth part of the universe.” You will undoubtedly be rewarded with a kid if you worship me for six days with an unadulterated mind and spirit.

The upshot of the King and Queen’s assent to worship was the gift of a beautiful child. 

Significance of Chhath Puja 2023

The main focus of Chhath Puja is Surya, the Sun God. Since the Sun is seen as the source of all life and energy, those who pray to it ask for blessings that will lead to a long and fruitful life.

The event starts with a ritual bath in a natural body of water, signifying the soul’s and body’s cleansing.

An important component of Chhath Puja, this washing ritual emphasizes the value of both physical and spiritual cleanliness.

Families and communities get together during Chhath Puja. A sense of cohesion and solidarity is fostered by the rituals, shared fasting, and offering preparation. 

It strengthens family bonds and cultivates a strong sense of belonging.

Chhath Puja 2023 Rituals

The four-day Chhath Puja festival celebration period involves the performance of the following rites, which are also known as Surya Shashthi, Chhathi, Dala Chhath, and Prathihar.

  • The first day of Chhath Puja is called Nahaye Khaye, which translates as “to bathe and eat.” On this day, those who follow the fast take a sacred plunge in a river, pond, or other body of water. 
  • On the second day, Kharna, the devotee, observes the Nirjala fast. Consequently, no water is    drunk, and later in the evening, a unique Prasad consisting of rice, milk, and jaggery is created. 
  • Sandhya Puja Chhath The third day is when Arghya falls. Arghya is presented to Lord Sun on this day. To adorn a soop, use fruits, rice laddoos, and thekua. After that, the Sun God will receive the Arghya from devotees and their families.
  • Usha Arghya, in which the Arghya is presented to the rising Sun, is done on the last and fourth days of the Chhath Puja. On this day, the Vrattis visit the riverbanks with their family and perform the ritual with tremendous fervor and devotion. 

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